Poetry: Biblical poetry is scripture written in verse. This writing is full of symbolic language, metaphors, word picture, and expressions of emotion. Psalms make up the bulk of Biblical poetry, but poetry is also found in: Song of Songs, Lamentations, and several Old Testament narratives. There are several authors of psalms, with David being the most famous. In addition to a variety of positive features that distinguish poetry from prose, certain salient features that often appear in prose are rarely found in poetry. Anyway, in Köstenberger and Patterson have mentioned the Nature and Characteristics of Biblical Poetry, as follows: [1) Parallelism a) Similar Parallelism b) Antithetic Parallelism c) Progressive Parallelism 2) Terseness 3) Concreteness 4) Imagery B) Poetry in the New Testament C) Structural Devices in Biblical Poetry 1) Building Blocks 2) Structural Indicators 3) Chiastic Structure 4) Bifid Structure and D) Stylistic Devices in Biblical Poetry](Köstenberger and Patterson, p. 265-302). Thus, to interpret the Poetry Köstenberger and Patterson book have guidelines for interpreting biblical Poetry: 1) Note that the authors use parallelism in agreement with the type used, 2) Read the entire passage in psalms and exhaustive poetic pieces, 3) Look for logical and formal structural elements, 4) Learn to understand the author’s application of pictures and phrases, 5) Find the author’s connecting theme and carefully consider the flow of thoughts throughout the piece, 6) Use solid exegetical approaches of relation to the poetic medium and apply them appropriately to the current situation. Consider the influence of the authors on the spiritual life of the reader or listener (p.306).
Wisdom literature is a scripture that reveals the accumulated wisdom of generations of godly people. The wisdom literature invites us to reflect on the complexities of the wise life and gives us general rules for life. These sayings, proverbs, and scriptures convey principles that are normally true but not generally true. Here we find principles, not promises. Wisdom literature can be found in: Proverbs, Job and Ecclesiastes. Moreover, in Köstenberger and Patterson book clarified about the Wisdom Literature, such as: [1) The Nature of Wisdom 2) Proverbs 3) Ecclesiastes 4) Job 5) Wisdom Elsewhere in the Old Testament and 6) Wisdom in the New Testament](p.291-302). Furthermore, Köstenberger and Patterson also have guideline for interpreting Wisdom literature, as follows: Determine the central sake of each piece of wisdom, Notice the Proverbs what kind is involved and what specific advice for a godly life is given in the teaching, Assess the general maxims of Proverbs in light of the ancient Proverbs setting and in comparison with other scriptures, remember that proverbs are intended as general guidelines and do not always exert to every scenario or circumstance, where teaching is the main goal of proverbs, take seriously the truths and moral standards they teach, in interacting with clergymen, the interpreter should carefully consider both the positive and negative teachings of the book, The interpreter must grapple with the central message of the book and assess the contribution of each part to the book’s ultimate purpose, the interpreter should be cautious to exert storytelling interpretation rules such as setting, plot, and characterization, Particularly noteworthy are the teachings of Jesus and in each wisdom literature, establish the main objective of the teaching.